Luberon Park covers 16 hectares 5000, Cavaillon Villeneuve (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), overlapping the Luberon mountain. 155,000 people live in 71 municipalities.
This vast territory, there are five distinct ecosystems: scrubland, lawns ridges, oak, cliffs and small Luberon.
Scrubland on the southern slopes of the Luberon are encountered. Indeed, rocky limestone soils favor the typical shrubby formations of shrubs and herbaceous plants of the garrigue. However, the nature of the soil determines the type of scrub that grows there. Loose soils allow scrubland dominated by kermes oaks grow, while compacted soils welcome, more likely, a type dominated by rosemary.
This type of plant has two interesting species: Ocellated lizard, the largest lizard in Europe (60 cm), which can be observed in males during the breeding season, a color change of sides that get covered blue eyespots.Etruscan pachyure, meanwhile, is the smallest mammal in the world (1.5 to 2 grams per 6 cm) and lives in the garrigue, but can also be found in homes and wasteland.
Shaped by climatic (wind, summer drought, low temperatures in winter) and grazing herds, lawns ridges have a relief covered with a low or creeping vegetation. This vegetation is responsible for austere first spring a carpet provided with tufts of grasses (fescue, brome erected, etc..) Which combine in a different colored fireworks kinds of orchids (including male or orchid Ophrys Bertolon of which is a protected species), broom Villars or inules the mountain.
Amidst this floral profusion, changing a large number of Lepidoptera (butterfly family) with a protected species: the Apollo, the wings speckled straw yellow with red and black spots. And very lucky, you can see the hope willy bunting (bird easier as they look).
With deep soils and a cool atmosphere, the northern slopes are dominated by white oak, or pubescent. These deciduous trees, in addition to providing the landscape its beautiful colors, especially in autumn when they are tinted yellow and brown leaves enough filtered light to a varied flora develops. Especially be observed the frascinelle (protected species), a flower whose leaves resemble those of ash and smells of lemon, or nebulous clitocybe, a fungus to the contested edibility, growing in fresh wood. The woodcock and nuthatches Nuthatch (a small passerine) are the hosts of the singing forest.
However, human exploitation of oak (charcoal, heating and construction), the soil, promoting erosion and made the land more conducive to green oak that grew mainly on poor soils and dry southern slope.
Unlike the white oak, holm oak has an evergreen, characteristic of Mediterranean regions, forming a shady thickets, dense and dark where some shrubs which also acclimate to drought emerge.
In this environment, there is the jay, very fond of acorns he spreads around, the blackcap, whose song can be confused with that of the nightingale, blackbird, and the eared owl, although that it is more customary coniferous forests. In this almost impenetrable underbrush, Provencal fetch the butcher or butcher's broom, which they use in Christmas decorations. Note also the presence of a vine: the traveler madder.
For birdwatchers, paradise lies at the heart of the area of cliffs, canyons, caves and boulders. Indeed, this chaotic landscape is the kingdom of raptors. Most notable are the Bonelli's eagles that fond of the cliffs but it remains only a couple in the Luberon, and the Egyptian vulture, carrion and small last representative of the family of vultures in Provence.
Mineral in this area, the flora is very limited and consists of plants whose roots acts as a stabilizer (in the case of laser France, fireweed leaf rosemary or bitter stonecrop).
Like the park, the Petit Luberon has a varied topography and vegetation. This landscape of cliffs and valleys is an ideal habitat for raptors and reptiles. The flora is not left arrow since botanical tour, starting from the majestic forest of cedars, was built.